SKILLS NEEDED FOR DAILY CARE

SKILLS NEEDED FOR DAILY CARE

Assisting care receivers with their basic human needs is called performing "activities of daily living." It is very important to make sure the care receiver's dignity and privacy are maintained at all times. These skills naturally include:

♦ Eating

— Special diets and good nutrition

— Preparing and serving food

— Feeding care receivers who cannot feed themselves

— Monitoring intake

♦ Personal hygiene

— Oral care

— Nail and foot care

— Hair care

— Shaving

— Baths

— Shower

— Tub

— Bed bath

♦ Toileting

— Transfer to toilet

— Use of bed pans, urinals, and bedside commodes

— Catheter care

— Incontinence

♦ Infection control

— Hand washing and dish washing

— Cleaning methods

♦ Bed-making

— Making an occupied bed

— Prevention of soiling

— Care of soiled linen

♦ Dressing

♦ Skin care and prevention of pressure sores

Statistics and experiences prove that many family caregivers give excellent care to their loved ones. Basic skills can be learned and practiced. Even complicated procedures, such as feeding tube use, ventilator care, oxygen administration, and intravenous pump use can be handled correctly by family members. At first, the tasks appear daunting, but with proper education and support, success is achievable.