Alzheimer's Habilitation Behavior as Communication

 

Module 8:
Behavior as Communication: Understanding and Responding




Section B

A problem behavior is a health or
safety risk
for the person with dementia or for someone else.

Problem Behavior???

What You’ll Learn

Recognize how we define a “problem behavior”

Identify 3 behaviors that are an immediate risk

Recognize 2 responses to an immediate risk

Identify how to use the 4 W’s (What, Where, When & Who) to learn the WHY of behavior

 

 

The person with dementia is:

Going to hurt you

Going to hurt
someone else

Doing something  that
is a potential danger to
themselves or others

Investigating Behavior:
How to Track Behavior

At times we need to investigate to resolve
a behavior. We want to learn:

The cause of the behavior (the Trigger)

What to change (the Trigger tells us)

This is harder to do as the behavior happens

Afterward, step back, look for clues, and come up with a solution

 

Investigating Behavior:
Using a Behavior Log

Investigating Behavior:
Using a Behavior Log

What is the behavior?

When did it happen?

Where did it happen?

What was there?

What was going on before the behavior?

Investigating Behavior:
Additional Questions about the Behavior

Is there a pattern?

Was it caused by a communication problem?

Was it caused by the environment?

Was it caused by our approach
to care?

Was it caused by a lack of activity?

Could it be caused by an
internal trigger?

Behavior as Communication

When we learn the cause, and make a change in our response, we’ve listened to what their behavior is telling us. This is Behavior as Communication.

 

 

 

 

Putting it All Together:
Using the Behavior Log

What did we
talk about today?

Let’s review…

A problem behavior is a health or
safety risk
for the person with dementia or for someone else.

 

The person with dementia is:

Going to hurt you

Going to hurt
someone else

Doing something  that
is a potential danger to
themselves or others

Investigating Behavior:
Using a Behavior Log

What is the behavior?

When did it happen?

Where did it happen?

What was there?

What was going on before the behavior?